Asparagus harvesting then becomes more worthwhile each year. In the third year of growth, after planting one year old crowns, spears of plants will be ready for asparagus harvesting. Unless you plan to save the seeds, it’s best to remove them to conserve energy. Fresh asparagus is in premium demand, and a gardener with a good patch of asparagus can save a notable amount of money at the grocery store. You will be able to harvest your asparagus in the 3rd year (more about that later) but … Do not fill in the entire trench yet. Harvest asparagus by snapping off the green spears at soil level. Use this guide on how to properly weed, harvest, and care for your asparagus to ensure your patch remains healthy. Part of the allure of asparagus is that this perennial vegetable is the first vegetable harvested in the spring. Mulch asparagus beds to protect them during the winter months. During the fourth season harvest in every 8 … Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Cook cut spears immediately or refrigerate in plastic to raise the humidity and prevent tough fibers from forming at the base of the spear. When is the best time to harvest asparagus? Planting asparagus from seed allows one to grow any variety of the vegetable, but growing from one year old crowns allows for harvesting asparagus more quickly — three years after planting crowns. 6 Best Vegetables to Plant in Early Spring, How to Grow Spinach in Your Home Vegetable Garden. The fourth-year spread the harvest out over 8 weeks. In the third year of growth, after planting one year old crowns, spears of plants will be ready for asparagus harvesting. As a rule, you will harvest every other day when the spears are between 4 and 8-inches tall and usually for a period between 6 and 8 weeks, depending upon your geographical location, and also depending upon the weather for that particular year. Stop harvesting spears when the diameter of the spears decreases to the size of a pencil. After the second year, you can harvest for around 6 weeks. Because the edible part of the plant is the stems rather than the leaves, the nutrient most required is phosphorus, not nitrogen. Harvesting asparagus is worth the wait, and wait you must if you have started a new asparagus bed from seed or crowns. When you plant from crowns, you can start harvesting the spears after 2 full years, when they are about 6 to 10 inches above the soil level. Planting asparagus from seed allows you to grow any variety of this vegetable, but growing from one-year old crowns allows you to harvest asparagus faster – three years after planting the crowns. Harvesting Asparagus - here's how. Continue harvesting for six to eight weeks, but no later than July 1. Once they start getting smaller to the width of a pencil it’s time to stop harvesting. Left in this condition the tops ripen within a week. Asparagus is a great garden plant but there are a few tricks to taking care of it. To harvest, cut individual spears with a sharp knife 2.5cm (1in) below the soil when they are no more than 18cm (7in) tall. This will allow the plants to develop and store food reserves so they can produce a bountiful harvest in the third year and for many years to come. How to Harvest Asparagus. If you plant 2-year-old crowns, you can start harvesting the second year. Asparagus may sound one of the more difficult vegetables to grow but in truth the main drawback is simply that it takes time to get from planting or sowing it to harvest, three years from planting asparagus crowns. Learning how to pick asparagus ensures the lifespan of your asparagus bed. You can also start from plants, though those can be harder to find. Print Prep Time 30 minutes. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Any spears that reach a height of more than 10 inches should be allowed to continue growing to build root systems and energy for next year. They look like they do in the store. Unlike other vegetables, asparagus takes considerable patience because it will not be until the third year after planting that you can harvest it. Keep in mind not to overharvest since the plant still needs to replenish its energy for next year. Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), one of the most delectable treats available for spring harvest, develops bright red berries in fall. Asparagus beds should be moist, but not soggy. Don’t harvest any asparagus for the first 2 years they are placed in their permanent bed. Asparagus requires some patience until harvesting time comes. The female plant will develop many spears, but when harvesting asparagus one will have the most productive harvest from male plants. Find the plant. "Since they are such a long-term producer, it's going to take them a while to get settled," says Brandeisky. Asparagus are either male or female. Asparagus harvesting should begin when the stems are 5 to 8 inches long and as big around as your finger. How to Harvest. Asparagus is one of the earliest vegetables from the garden in spring. Fertilize your young asparagus in the Spring with an organic 5-10-10 formula. The old rule of thumb is to harvest until the diameter of the spear decreases to the size of a pencil. Cutting with a knife can spread diseases from plant to plant. In warm weather, harvest every two to three days for the best quality spears. Excessive disturbance of the area can result in damage to spears which have not yet broken ground. Continue harvesting for six to eight weeks, but no later than July 1. To farm the Asparagus, you plant and grow the seeds (or the Asparagus itself) on tilled soil, once they're fully grown you can right-click them, harvest the Asparagus and let them grow again. When harvested by right-click, the plant doesn't break, and yields 1-2 Asparagus. During this initial harvest year (year three), plants should only be harvested the first month … Asparagus stalks shoot right out of the ground. Growth of asparagus foliage is an important part of the plant’s life cycle. Sign up for our newsletter. Expect to harvest spears every 2-3 d… Then it is time to stop and let them grow, gaining strength for next spring. This year is dedicated for root and plant development, so harvest could be done on spring of the second year. Using a sharp knife with a serrated edge (you can buy special asparagus knives) cut the asparagus cleanly 2- 10cm (1"-4") below the ground. After harvest, fertilize your asparagus in early summer. Also, the ferny growth is an attractive addition to the garden. Let the asparagus grow without harvest and it will produce a ‘fern’, which may be pruned back to the ground in winter after it has yellowed. Use a sharp knife, cutting the spears 2.5cm below the level of the soil. The asparagus need to focus their energy on growing deep roots. Female plants devote much of their energy to seed production and can be identified when red berry-like seeds appear later in the season. Asparagus is most commonly planted in spring using dormant two-year-old crowns. During the third season, pick the asparagus spears over a 4-week period. How To Plant & Grow Asparagus. Cut asparagus off at ground level with a sharp knife. Asparagus male or female. Do not harvest any spear in the first two seasons. In warm weather, harvest every two to three days for the best quality spears. If you have grown asparagus from seed don't harvest any spears until the third season as the plants need to mature and establish their root systems. Harvesting Mature Asparagus . How to Harvest Asparagus Harvesting Tips. But if you have planted the crown correctly, fertilized appropriately, and cared for your asparagus for two years, in the spring of your third year you will start to have an ongoing crop that will provide you fresh asparagus each year from early spring until July 1 for about 15 years or so. Take care not to cut the crown of the plant burried beneath the spear. Do not harvest yet on the first spring year. How to Harvest Wild Asparagus. How to Harvest Asparagus. To promote a vigorous, healthy and long-lasting root system it is important that you do not harvest any spears during the first year. Apply 1 pound of granular fertilizer per 100 square feet. Asparagus plants are heavy feeders, so be prepared to amend your soil and fertilize regularly. Filling In The Trench To establish strong roots, the trench will be filled in slowly as the asparagus grows. Asparagus plants are either males or female. After watering, place a thin layer of compost over the crowns, and finish by covering the top of the crown only with soil. In the second year you may harvest no more than half of the spears, leaving any that are less than 1cm in diameter. To store asparagus, clean the crops and use the refrigerator. Harvest and storage. Asparagus is one of the earliest vegetables from the garden in spring. The properly prepared and harvested asparagus bed will increase in yearly production for many years, generally for as long as 15 years and possibly up to 30 years, with the vegetable becoming more abundant. Knowing when to pick asparagus will result in the most flavorful experience from your crop. This takes some discipline, as the spears will appear in the first and second year, but if you harvest them, then you will very likely kill the plants—or at least seriously stunt their production for future years. Harvest asparagus spears when they are 3/8 to 1 inch (0.95 to 2.54cm) thick. After the soil settles, fertilize the plants with an all-purpose balanced fertilizer. Cut the spears from the plant using a sharp knife, or simply snap the spears off at ground level using your hands. Asparagus spears can be cut with a knife, but it is important to clean the knife between cuts. Colleen Vanderlinden is a freelance writer and the author of Edible Gardening for the Midwest. To harvest asparagus, simply cut the spears with a sharp knife or scissors at ground level. How To Harvest Asparagus . Asparagus … By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Removing the spears for more than a month during this important year of growth will weaken and possibly kill the plant. Learning how to harvest asparagus includes knowing the difference between the male and female plants, which is easily discovered once the delicious vegetable appears and grows. During this time the plants spread their roots deeper through the plantation beds. The delectable spears are not of edible quality until the fourth year after planting seeds. Pick asparagus every other day in the spring: if you wait longer, it will go to fern and you’ll miss out. Keep your asparagus bed weeded by lightly cultivating around the plants. Length may dictate when to pick asparagus, but you will want to get it early enough in the season that it is tender. You will do this for the first 2 years from when you planted the crowns (unless you purchased older crowns). Only harvest 3 to 4 weeks, then let the fern grow to strengthen the plants. If you notice decreased production and vigor in your asparagus plants, stop harvesting and let the plant store energy for next season. Cut foliage back to ground level. Hotter weather will shorten your harvesting season, while cooler weather will extend it. Simply cut or snap off the spears at ground level. Snap the asparagus off at ground level, or cut with a knife. Learning how to harvest asparagus ensures the life of your asparagus bed. Once the tops fall over they can be collected and hung upside down in a warm, dry position. Newer varieties of asparagus are available that offer only male plants not needing pollination. How To Harvest Wild Asparagus. When and How to Harvest Garden Vegetables. Get over that hurdle and asparagus is very simple to care for and rarely attacked by pest or disease. You can start asparagus from seeds in a greenhouse or other protected area. Cut or break the spears from the point closest to their attachment to the fibrous roots. You can top-dress with a balanced organic fertilizer, or scatter another inch of rich, weed-free compost over the decomposing mulch. Don't be tempted to rip it out of the ground as you will more than likely pull out the whole crown. Simply cut or snap off the spears at ground level. Start harvesting from the third season in every 3-4 week intervals. This is the hardest part. Wait until foliage turns yellow or brown and the plant becomes dormant before pruning. Once you know how to pick asparagus, you will delight in spring asparagus harvesting in future years. Spears should be harvested when they are 5-7” in length and just before the tips begin to get loose. Cut off the stalk… You won’t be pulling asparagus out of the ground, as you would with a carrot or onion. Active Time 1 hour. Here are some tips on how to harvest asparagus: Harvest spears before the flower buds are open. Among the tastiest and highly prized of all garden vegetables is asparagus (Asparagus officinalis). When the spears appear in spring, harvest them when they are 6 to 10 inches above the soil line, but before the flower buds are open. Male plants, who devote no energy to seed production, offer thicker and longer spears which are what one desires when harvesting asparagus. When the spears appear in spring, harvest them when they are 6 to 10 inches above the soil line, but before the flower buds are open. Today, I talk about the correct way to harvest asparagus. Of course, the width will vary from male to female plants. Total Time 1 hour 30 minutes. How To Harvest Asparagus? In warm weather, harvest every two to three days for up to four weeks. Asparagus beds need to grow without being harvested for the first two full growing seasons when planted from crowns, and they must grow for an additional year if started from seed.Do not harvest any shoots during the first year of growth … Here are the asparagus harvest do’s and don’ts. To harvest, cut individual spears with a sharp knife 2.5cm (1in) below the soil when they are no more than 18cm (7in) tall. However, it will blend in with other green plants—you’re likely going to have to find it in a field of tall grass. When to Harvest Asparagus Experts recommend refraining from harvesting stalks during the first season and easing into a full yield over the following two years to prepare the plant for a decade—or more— in your garden. To catch the seeds, place the plant tops in a brown paper bag. Materials. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Harvest the ripe seeds as soon as possible and store in a cool, dry location until ready for use. What Do the Letters NPK Mean on a Fertilizer? However, it takes about 5 years to start harvesting asparagus. In the third year, start cutting the spears in mid-April when they are 18cm tall. Harvest asparagus spears around every 3 days during early spring and increase the frequency to twice per day during summer to keep up with production. Don’t harvest asparagus for the first two years after planting. Pick spears for only two weeks the third year (which is the first harvest); let plants continue to establish themselves; over-harvesting can weaken plants and cause future harvests to be small. How to Harvest Asparagus. First Picking of Asparagus. In early spring harvest spears every 3rd day or so. Snapping will break spears cleanly at a tender point. During this initial harvest year (year three), plants should only be harvested the first month of optimum production. Harvest asparagus grown from crowns after two seasons. What’s The Difference Between Male And Female Asparagus Plants, Types Of Asparagus – Learn About Different Varieties Of Asparagus, Planting Asparagus: How To Make An Asparagus Bed, Decorating With Plants – How Plants Can Transform A Space, Winter Orchid Requirements: Growing Orchids During Winter, Indoor Plant Problems: Mistakes People Make With Houseplants, Lily Of The Valley Control – How To Kill Lily Of The Valley, Information On Growing New Potatoes In Your Garden, Stonecrop Plant – Planting Stonecrop In Your Garden, Trees Showing Roots: Trees With Above Ground Roots, Winter Planning Process – Make To-Do Lists Happen, Fake Tree For The Holidays And Why I Love it, What Is The Winter Solstice: First Day Of Winter History, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories. As the plant matures you will be able to harvest about 80 per cent of spears over a 10 week period. Difficulty Easy. 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